1Department of Environmental Sciences, Nichols College, Dudley, MA 01571, USA
2Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G, Canada
3US Geological Survey (USGS), 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626, USA
Received: 30 Mar 2013 – Discussion started: 24 May 2013
Abstract. The annual surface mass balance records of the Lemon Creek Glacier and Taku Glacier observed by the Juneau Icefield Research Program are the longest continuous glacier annual mass balance data sets in North America. Annual surface mass balance (Ba) measured on Taku Glacier averaged +0.40 m a−1 from 1946–1985, and −0.08 m a−1 from 1986–2011. The recent annual mass balance decline has resulted in the cessation of the long-term thickening of the glacier. Mean Ba on Lemon Creek Glacier has declined from −0.30 m a−1 for the 1953–1985 period to −0.60 m a−1 during the 1986–2011 period. The cumulative change in annual surface mass balance is −26.6 m water equivalent, a 29 m of ice thinning over the 55 yr. Snow-pit measurements spanning the accumulation zone, and probing transects above the transient snow line (TSL) on Taku Glacier, indicate a consistent surface mass balance gradient from year to year. Observations of the rate of TSL rise on Lemon Creek Glacier and Taku Glacier indicate a comparatively consistent migration rate of 3.8 to 4.1 m d−1. The relationship between TSL on Lemon Creek Glacier and Taku Glacier to other Juneau Icefield glaciers (Norris, Mendenhall, Herbert, and Eagle) is strong, with correlations exceeding 0.82 in all cases.
Revised: 03 Oct 2013 – Accepted: 14 Oct 2013 – Published: 15 Nov 2013
Pelto, M., Kavanaugh, J., and McNeil, C.: Juneau Icefield Mass Balance Program 1946–2011, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 319-330, doi:10.5194/essd-5-319-2013, 2013.