CEH-GEAR: 1 km resolution daily and monthly areal rainfall estimates for the UK for hydrological and other applications
Summary: The CEH – Gridded Estimates of Areal Rainfall (CEH–GEAR) dataset contains 1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great Britain and Northern Ireland (plus approximately 3000 km2 in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2012. The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitation, using a natural neighbour interpolation methodology which includes a normalisation step based on average annual rainfall.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 143-155, doi:10.5194/essd-7-143-2015, 2015
A long-term Northern Hemisphere snow cover extent data record for climate studies and monitoring
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 137-142, doi:10.5194/essd-7-137-2015, 2015
Measurements of the stable carbon isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon in the northeastern Atlantic and Nordic Seas during summer 2012
Summary: We present measurements of the stable carbon isotope composition of seawater dissolved inorganic carbon. The samples were collected during two research cruises in boreal summer 2012 in the northeastern Atlantic and Nordic Seas. The results can be used to investigate the marine carbon cycle, providing information about biological productivity and oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 127-135, doi:10.5194/essd-7-127-2015, 2015
A metadata template for ocean acidification data
Summary: With the rapid expansion of studies on biological responses of organisms to OA, the lack of a common metadata template to document the resulting data poses a significant hindrance to effective OA data management efforts. In this paper, we present a metadata template that can be applied to a broad spectrum of OA studies, including those studying the biological responses of organisms to OA. This paper defines best practices for documenting ocean acidification (OA) data.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 117-125, doi:10.5194/essd-7-117-2015, 2015
Data on geochemical and hydraulic properties of a characteristic confined/unconfined aquifer system of the younger Pleistocene in northeast Germany
Summary: The paper presents a database of hydrochemical and hydraulic groundwater measurements of a younger Pleistocene aquifer system in NE Germany. The Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) operates seven groundwater monitoring wells in the Quillow catchment located in the Uckermark region (Federal State of Brandenburg, Germany). This database can be used for the investigation of subsurface water geochemistry under changing hydraulic boundary conditions regarding a 14-year period.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 109-116, doi:10.5194/essd-7-109-2015, 2015
Hydrological and meteorological investigations in a periglacial lake catchment near Kangerlussuaq, west Greenland – presentation of a new multi-parameter data set
Summary: This paper presents a hydrological and meteorological data set from the Kangerlussuaq region, western Greenland. The data set is used to conceptualize and model the hydrological system and constitutes an important platform in order to describe the exchange of water between the surface, active layer, the lake, and the underlying talik. The resulting hydrological model will be used as a basis for biogeochemical mass-balance and transport calculations of the terrestrial and limnic ecosystems.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 93-108, doi:10.5194/essd-7-93-2015, 2015
Measurement of the fracture toughness of polycrystalline bubbly ice from an Antarctic ice core
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 87-92, doi:10.5194/essd-7-87-2015, 2015
Global carbon budget 2014
Summary: Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from human activities (burning fossil fuels and cement production, deforestation and other land-use change) are set to rise again in 2014. This study (updated yearly) makes an accurate assessment of anthropogenic CO2 emissions and their redistribution between the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in order to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 47-85, doi:10.5194/essd-7-47-2015, 2015
Spatially explicit estimates of stock sizes, structure and biomass of herring and blue whiting, and catch data of bluefin tuna
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 35-46, doi:10.5194/essd-7-35-2015, 2015
Mapping hydrological environments in central Amazonia: ground validation and surface model based on SRTM DEM data corrected for deforestation
Summary: This work presents two data sets: a digital elevation model in which deforestation effects were minimized over a large area in Central Amazonia and a set of 18 topographic–hydrological descriptors calculated by the use of the Vertical Distance to the Nearest Drainage algorithm (HAND). We describe the methodology to generate and validate the data sets. Moreover, we present a brief discussion about the applicability of the data to fill the gap of environmental data in Amazonian lowland forests.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 29-34, doi:10.5194/essd-7-29-2015, 2015
A new compilation of stomach content data for commercially important pelagic fish species in the northeast Atlantic
Summary: This work describes a 148-year compilation of stomach content data for five pelagic fish species (herring, blue whiting, mackerel, albacore and bluefin tuna) sampled over a broad geographic region of the northeast Atlantic. We describe the main results in terms of diet composition and predator–prey relationships. The analyses suggests significant differences in the prey items selected by predators in different parts of the area at different times of year.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 19-28, doi:10.5194/essd-7-19-2015, 2015
Lake surface water temperatures of European Alpine lakes (1989–2013) based on the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) 1 km data set
Summary: We were able to demonstrate that data from polar orbiting satellites can be used not only to derive lake water temperature for large lakes (> 500km2) but also for the many lakes like in central Europe which are smaller than 100km2. The linear warming trend derived for one of the lakes shows good agreement between in situ and satellite observations. Thus, this data set will offer the possibility to investigate the impact of climate change on lake water temperatures in central Europe.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 1-17, doi:10.5194/essd-7-1-2015, 2015
ObsPack: a framework for the preparation, delivery, and attribution of atmospheric greenhouse gas measurements
Summary: Observation Package (ObsPack) is a framework designed to bring together atmospheric greenhouse gas measurements from a variety of sampling platforms, prepare them with specific applications in mind, and package and distribute them in a self-consistent and well-documented product. The framework includes a unique distribution stategy designed to improve communication between product users and data providers. The concepts presented are general and may be easily applied to other scientific data.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 375-384, doi:10.5194/essd-6-375-2014, 2014
Sea ice in the Baltic Sea – revisiting BASIS ice, a historical data set covering the period 1960/1961–1978/1979
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 367-374, doi:10.5194/essd-6-367-2014, 2014
A high-frequency atmospheric and seawater pCO2 data set from 14 open-ocean sites using a moored autonomous system
Summary: In an effort to track ocean change, sustained ocean observations are becoming increasingly important. Advancements in the ocean carbon observation network over the last decade have dramatically improved our ability to understand how rising atmospheric CO2 and climate change affect the chemistry of the oceans and their marine ecosystems. Here we describe one of those advancements, the MAPCO2 system, and the climate-quality data produced from 14 ocean CO2 observatories.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 353-366, doi:10.5194/essd-6-353-2014, 2014
Deriving a per-field land use and land cover map in an agricultural mosaic catchment
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 339-352, doi:10.5194/essd-6-339-2014, 2014
High-resolution ice thickness and bed topography of a land-terminating section of the Greenland Ice Sheet
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 331-338, doi:10.5194/essd-6-331-2014, 2014
Spatially explicit estimates of stock size, structure and biomass of North Atlantic albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga)
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 317-329, doi:10.5194/essd-6-317-2014, 2014
A "Global Radiosonde and tracked-balloon Archive on Sixteen Pressure levels" (GRASP) going back to 1905 – Part 2: homogeneity adjustments for pilot balloon and radiosonde wind data
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 297-316, doi:10.5194/essd-6-297-2014, 2014
The GPCC Drought Index – a new, combined and gridded global drought index
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 285-295, doi:10.5194/essd-6-285-2014, 2014