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Volume 10, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 151-171, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-151-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: Hydrometeorological data from mountain and alpine research...

Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 151-171, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-151-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 24 Jan 2018

Review article | 24 Jan 2018

The Rofental: a high Alpine research basin (1890–3770 m a.s.l.) in the Ötztal Alps (Austria) with over 150 years of hydrometeorological and glaciological observations

Ulrich Strasser1, Thomas Marke1, Ludwig Braun3, Heidi Escher-Vetter3, Irmgard Juen2, Michael Kuhn2, Fabien Maussion2, Christoph Mayer3, Lindsey Nicholson2, Klaus Niedertscheider4, Rudolf Sailer1, Johann Stötter1, Markus Weber5, and Georg Kaser2 Ulrich Strasser et al.
  • 1Department of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria
  • 2Department of Atmospheric and Cryospheric Sciences, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria
  • 3Geodesy and Glaciology, Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Munich, 80539, Germany
  • 4Hydrographic Service of Tyrol, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria
  • 5Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Technical University of Munich, Munich, 80333, Germany

Abstract. A comprehensive hydrometeorological and glaciological data set is presented, originating from a multitude of glaciological, meteorological, hydrological and laser scanning recordings at research sites in the Rofental (1891–3772ma.s.l., Ötztal Alps, Austria). The data sets span a period of 150 years and hence represent a unique time series of rich high-altitude mountain observations. Their collection was originally initiated to support scientific investigation of the glaciers Hintereisferner, Kesselwandferner and Vernagtferner. Annual mass balance, glacier front variation, flow velocities and photographic records of the status of these glaciers were recorded. Later, additional measurements of meteorological and hydrological variables were undertaken, and over time a number of autonomous weather stations and runoff gauges were brought into operation; the available data now comprise records of temperature, relative humidity, short- and longwave radiation, wind speed and direction, air pressure, precipitation, and river water levels. Since 2001, a series of distributed (airborne and terrestrial) laser scans is available, along with associated digital surface models. In 2016 a permanent terrestrial laser scanner was installed on Im hintern Eis (3244ma.s.l.) to continuously observe almost the entire area of Hintereisferner. The data and research undertaken at the sites of investigation in the Rofental area enable combined research of cryospheric, atmospheric and hydrological processes in complex terrain, and support the development of several state-of-the-art glacier mass balance and hydroclimatological models. The institutions taking part in the Rofental research framework promote their site in several international research initiatives. In INARCH (International Network for Alpine Research Catchment Hydrology, http://words.usask.ca/inarch), all original research data sets are now provided to the scientific community according to the Creative Commons Attribution License by means of the PANGAEA repository (https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.876120).

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A hydrometeorological and glaciological data set is presented with recordings from several research sites in the Rofental (1891–3772 m a.s.l., Ötztal Alps, Austria). The data sets are spanning 150 years and represent a unique pool of high mountain observations, enabling combined research of atmospheric, cryospheric and hydrological processes in complex terrain, and the development of state-of-the-art hydroclimatological and glacier mass balance models.
A hydrometeorological and glaciological data set is presented with recordings from several...
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