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Volume 10, issue 3
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1687-1713, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1687-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1687-1713, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1687-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  14 Sep 2018

14 Sep 2018

The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems

Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt1, Laia Comas-Bru2, Sahar Amirnezhad Mozhdehi2, Michael Deininger2,3, Sandy P. Harrison1, Andy Baker4, Meighan Boyd5, Nikita Kaushal6, Syed Masood Ahmad7,24, Yassine Ait Brahim8, Monica Arienzo9, Petra Bajo10, Kerstin Braun11, Yuval Burstyn12,13, Sakonvan Chawchai14, Wuhui Duan15, István Gábor Hatvani16, Jun Hu17, Zoltán Kern16, Inga Labuhn18, Matthew Lachniet19, Franziska A. Lechleitner6, Andrew Lorrey20, Carlos Pérez-Mejías21, Robyn Pickering22, Nick Scroxton23, and SISAL Working Group Members* Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt et al.
  • 1Centre for Past Climate Change and School of Archaeology, Geography & Environmental Sciences, Reading University, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AH, UK
  • 2School of Earth Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
  • 3Institute of Geosciences, Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
  • 4School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington 2052, Australia
  • 5Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX, UK
  • 6Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3AN, UK
  • 7CSIR – National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad, India
  • 8Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
  • 9Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, 89512 Reno, NV, USA
  • 10School of Geography, The University of Melbourne, 3010 Victoria, Australia
  • 11Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 874101, 85287 Tempe, AZ, USA
  • 12Institute of Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J. Safra Campus, Givat Ram, 91904 Jerusalem, Israel
  • 13Geological Survey of Israel, 30 Malkhe Israel, 95501 Jerusalem, Israel
  • 14MESA Research Unit, Department of Geology, the Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 10330 Bangkok, Thailand
  • 15Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 Beitucheng West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China
  • 16Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budaörsi út 45, 1112 Budapest, Hungary
  • 17Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, 3651 Trousdale Parkway, 90089 Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • 18Institute of Geography, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
  • 19Dept. of Geoscience, University of Nevada, Box 4010, 89154 Las Vegas, NV, USA
  • 20Climate, Atmosphere and Hazards Centre, National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research, 41 Market Place, Central Business District, Auckland, New Zealand
  • 21Department of Geoenvironmental Processes and Global Change, Pyrenean Institute of Ecology (IPE-CSIC), Avda. Montañana 1005, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
  • 22Department of Geological Sciences, Human Evolutionary Research Institute, University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 23Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 611 North Pleasant Street, 01003-9297 Amherst, MA, USA
  • 24Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India
  • *A full list of authors and their affiliations appears at the end of the paper.

Abstract. Stable isotope records from speleothems provide information on past climate changes, most particularly information that can be used to reconstruct past changes in precipitation and atmospheric circulation. These records are increasingly being used to provide out-of-sample evaluations of isotope-enabled climate models. SISAL (Speleothem Isotope Synthesis and Analysis) is an international working group of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) project. The working group aims to provide a comprehensive compilation of speleothem isotope records for climate reconstruction and model evaluation. The SISAL database contains data for individual speleothems, grouped by cave system. Stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon (δ18O, δ13C) measurements are referenced by distance from the top or bottom of the speleothem. Additional tables provide information on dating, including information on the dates used to construct the original age model and sufficient information to assess the quality of each data set and to erect a standardized chronology across different speleothems. The metadata table provides location information, information on the full range of measurements carried out on each speleothem and information on the cave system that is relevant to the interpretation of the records, as well as citations for both publications and archived data. The compiled data are available at https://doi.org/10.17864/1947.147.

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Short summary
This paper is an overview of the contents of the SISAL database and its structure. The database contains oxygen and carbon isotope measurements from 371 individual speleothem records and 10 composite records from 174 cave systems from around the world. The SISAL database is created by a collective effort of the members of the Past Global Changes SISAL working group, which aims to provide a comprehensive compilation of speleothem isotope records for climate reconstruction and model evaluation.
This paper is an overview of the contents of the SISAL database and its structure. The database...
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