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ESSD | Articles | Volume 10, issue 4
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 2329-2344, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-2329-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 2329-2344, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-2329-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 21 Dec 2018

Review article | 21 Dec 2018

Reconciling North Atlantic climate modes: revised monthly indices for the East Atlantic and the Scandinavian patterns beyond the 20th century

Laia Comas-Bru and Armand Hernández
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Aguilar, E., Auer, I., Brunet, M., Peterson, T., and Wieringa, J.: Guidelines on climate metadata and homogenization. World Climate Programme Data and Monitoring WCDMP-No. 53, WMO-TD No. 1186, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 55 pp., 2003. 
Barnston, A. G. and Livezey, R. E.: Classification, Seasonality and Persistence of Low-Frequency Atmospheric Circulation Patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 1083–1126, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<1083:CSAPOL>2.0.CO;2, 1987. 
Bastos, A., Janssens, I. A., Gouveia, C. M., Trigo, R. M., Ciais, P., Chevallier, F., Peñuelas, J., Rödenbeck, C., Piao, S., Friedlingstein, P., and Running, S. W.: European land CO2 sink influenced by NAO and East-Atlantic Pattern coupling, Nat. Commun., 7, 10315, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10315, 2016. 
Blade, I., Liebmann, B., Fortuny, D., and van Oldenborgh, G. J.: Observed and simulated impacts of the summer NAO in Europe: implications for projected drying in the Mediterranean region, Clim. Dynam., 39, 709–727, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1195-x, 2012. 
Bueh, C. and Nakamura, H.: Scandinavian pattern and its climatic impact, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 133, 2117–2131, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.173, 2007. 
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This review presents new EOF-based monthly indices of the east Atlantic and the Scandinavian patterns covering the period from 1851 to present. The paper also includes a comparison with their analogous instrumental indices, provides insights into the reasons why different sources of data may give slightly different time series and demonstrates that using these patterns to explain climate variability beyond the winter season needs to be done carefully due to their non-stationary behaviour.
This review presents new EOF-based monthly indices of the east Atlantic and the Scandinavian...
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