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Volume 10, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 325-337, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-325-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 325-337, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-325-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  22 Feb 2018

22 Feb 2018

The Alberta smoke plume observation study

Kerry Anderson1, Al Pankratz2, Curtis Mooney2, and Kelly Fleetham3 Kerry Anderson et al.
  • 1Natural Resources Canada, 5320 122 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6H 3S5, Canada
  • 2Environment and Climate Change Canada, 9250 49 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 1K5, Canada
  • 3Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, 9920 108 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T5K 2M4, Canada

Abstract. A field project was conducted to observe and measure smoke plumes from wildland fires in Alberta. This study used handheld inclinometer measurements and photos taken at lookout towers in the province. Observations of 222 plumes were collected from 21 lookout towers over a 6-year period from 2010 to 2015. Observers reported the equilibrium and maximum plume heights based on the plumes' final levelling heights and the maximum lofting heights, respectively.

Observations were tabulated at the end of each year and matched to reported fires. Fire sizes at assessment times and forest fuel types were reported by the province. Fire weather conditions were obtained from the Canadian Wildland Fire Information System (CWFIS). Assessed fire sizes were adjusted to the appropriate size at plume observation time using elliptical fire-growth projections.

Though a logical method to collect plume observations in principle, many unanticipated issues were uncovered as the project developed. Instrument limitations and environmental conditions presented challenges to the investigators, whereas human error and the subjectivity of observations affected data quality. Despite these problems, the data set showed that responses to fire behaviour conditions were consistent with the physical processes leading to plume rise.

The Alberta smoke plume observation study data can be found on the Canadian Wildland Fire Information System datamart (Natural Resources Canada, 2018) at http://cwfis.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/datamart.

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Short summary
A field project was conducted to measure smoke plumes from wildland fires in Alberta. This study used handheld inclinometers and photos taken at fire lookout towers. Observations of 222 plumes were collected from 2010 to 2015.

Unanticipated issues were uncovered including instrument limitations, environmental conditions, and subjectivity of observations. Despite these problems, the data set showed responses to fire behaviour conditions consistent with processes leading to plume rise.
A field project was conducted to measure smoke plumes from wildland fires in Alberta. This study...
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