Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 689-710, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-689-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Review article
04 Apr 2018
Water balance and hydrology research in a mountainous permafrost watershed in upland streams of the Kolyma River, Russia: a database from the Kolyma Water-Balance Station, 1948–1997
Olga Makarieva1,2,3,4, Nataliia Nesterova3,4, Lyudmila Lebedeva2, and Sergey Sushansky5,* 1Gidrotehproekt Ltd, St. Petersburg, 199178, Russia
2Melnikov Permafrost Institute, Merzlotnaya st., 36, Yakutsk 677010, Russia
3Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Earth Sciences, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia
4State Hydrological Institute, Department of Experimental Hydrology and Mathematical Modelling of Hydrological Processes, 23 2-ya liniya VO, St. Petersburg, 199053, Russia
5Kolyma Department of Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, 7/13 Parkovaya st., Magadan, 685000, Russia
*retired
Abstract. In 2018, 70 years have passed since the beginning of observations at the Kolyma Water-Balance Station (KWBS), a unique scientific research hydrological and permafrost catchment. The volume and duration (50 continuous years) of hydrometeorological standard and experimental data, characterizing the natural conditions and processes occurring in mountainous permafrost conditions, significantly exceed any counterparts elsewhere in the world. The data are representative of mountainous territory of the North-East of Russia. In 1997, the station was terminated, thereby leaving Russia without operating research watersheds in the permafrost zone. This paper describes the dataset containing the series of daily runoff from 10 watersheds with an area from 0.27 to 21.3 km2, precipitation, meteorological observations, evaporation from soil and snow, snow surveys, soil thaw and freeze depths, and soil temperature for the period 1948–1997. It also highlights the main historical stages of the station's existence, its work and scientific significance, and outlines the prospects for its future, where the Kolyma Water-Balance Station could be restored to the status of a scientific research watershed and become a valuable international centre for hydrological research in permafrost. The data are available at https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.881731.
Citation: Makarieva, O., Nesterova, N., Lebedeva, L., and Sushansky, S.: Water balance and hydrology research in a mountainous permafrost watershed in upland streams of the Kolyma River, Russia: a database from the Kolyma Water-Balance Station, 1948–1997, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 689-710, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-689-2018, 2018.
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Short summary
This article describes the dataset of the Kolyma Water-Balance Station located at the upstreams of the Kolyma River (Russia). The dataset combines continuous long-term (1948–1997) observations of water balance, hydrological processes, and permafrost. It allows for study of permafrost hydrology interaction processes in a practically unexplored region. We highlight the main historical stages of the station's existence and its scientific significance, and outline the prospects for its future.
This article describes the dataset of the Kolyma Water-Balance Station located at the upstreams...
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