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ESSD | Articles | Volume 11, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 421–439, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-421-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 421–439, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-421-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  26 Mar 2019

26 Mar 2019

Autonomous seawater pCO2 and pH time series from 40 surface buoys and the emergence of anthropogenic trends

Adrienne J. Sutton et al.
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Cited articles  
Barton, A., Hales, B., Waldbusser, G. G., Langdon, C., and Feely, R. A.: The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, shows negative correlation to naturally elevated carbon dioxide levels: Implications for near-term ocean acidification effects, Limnol. Oceanogr., 57, 698–710, https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698, 2012. 
Barton, A., Waldbusser, G. G., Feely, R. A., Weisberg, S. B., Newton, J. A., Hales, B., Cudd, S., Eudeline, B., Langdon, C. J., Jefferds, I., King, T., Suhrbier, A., and McLaughlin, K.: Impacts of coastal acidification on the Pacific Northwest shellfish industry and adaptation strategies implemented in response, Oceanography, 28, 146–159, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.38, 2015. 
Bates, N. R.: Interannual variability of oceanic CO2 and biogeochemical properties in the western North Atlantic subtropical gyre, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 48, 1507–1528, 2001. 
Bates, N. R., Amat, A., and Andersson, A. J.: Feedbacks and responses of coral calcification on the Bermuda reef system to seasonal changes in biological processes and ocean acidification, Biogeosciences, 7, 2509–2530, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-2509-2010, 2010. 
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Long-term observations are critical records for distinguishing natural cycles from climate change. We present a data set of 40 surface ocean CO2 and pH time series that suggests the time length necessary to detect a trend in seawater CO2 due to uptake of atmospheric CO2 varies from 8 years in the least variable ocean regions to 41 years in the most variable coastal regions. This data set provides a tool to evaluate natural cycles of ocean CO2, with long-term trends emerging as records lengthen.
Long-term observations are critical records for distinguishing natural cycles from climate...
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