Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 109-123, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
25 Mar 2013
The MAREDAT global database of high performance liquid chromatography marine pigment measurements
J. Peloquin1, C. Swan1, N. Gruber1, M. Vogt1, H. Claustre2,3, J. Ras2,3, J. Uitz2,3, R. Barlow4,5, M. Behrenfeld6, R. Bidigare7, H. Dierssen8, G. Ditullio9, E. Fernandez10, C. Gallienne11, S. Gibb12, R. Goericke13, L. Harding14, E. Head15, P. Holligan16, S. Hooker17, D. Karl7, M. Landry7, R. Letelier18, C. A. Llewellyn11, M. Lomas19, M. Lucas5, A. Mannino17, J.-C. Marty2,3, B. G. Mitchell13, F. Muller-Karger20, N. Nelson21, C. O'Brien1, B. Prezelin22, D. Repeta23, W. O. Jr. Smith24, D. Smythe-Wright16, R. Stumpf25, A. Subramaniam26, K. Suzuki27, C. Trees28, M. Vernet13, N. Wasmund29, and S. Wright30 1Environmental Physics Group, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
2Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, UMR7093, CNRS, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
3Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR7093, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
4Bayworld Centre for Research and Education, Rogge Bay 8012, Cape Town, South Africa
5Marine Research Institute, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, South Africa
6Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
7Department of Oceanography, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA
8Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton, CT, USA
9Grice Marine Lab, College of Charleston, SC, USA
10Departamento Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
11Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, UK
12Environmental Research Institute, University of the Highlands and Islands, UK
13Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
14University of Maryland Horn Point Laboratory, Cambridge, MD, USA
15Ecosystem Research Division, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
16Ocean and Earth Science University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UK
17NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
18College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
19Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, St. George's GE 01, Bermuda
20Institute for Marine Remote Sensing/IMaRS, College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL, USA
21Earth Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
22Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
23Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
24Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary, Gloucester Pt., VA, USA
25NOAA National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD, USA
26Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA
27Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
28NATO Undersea Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy
29Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, 18119 Warnemünde, Germany
30Australian Antarctic Division, and Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, 203 Channel Hwy Kingston, Tasmania 7050, Australia
Abstract. A global pigment database consisting of 35 634 pigment suites measured by high performance liquid chromatography was assembled in support of the MARine Ecosytem DATa (MAREDAT) initiative. These data originate from 136 field surveys within the global ocean, were solicited from investigators and databases, compiled, and then quality controlled. Nearly one quarter of the data originates from the Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), with an additional 17% and 19% stemming from the US JGOFS and LTER programs, respectively. The MAREDAT pigment database provides high quality measurements of the major taxonomic pigments including chlorophylls a and b, 19'-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin, 19'-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin, alloxanthin, divinyl chlorophyll a, fucoxanthin, lutein, peridinin, prasinoxanthin, violaxanthin and zeaxanthin, which may be used in varying combinations to estimate phytoplankton community composition. Quality control measures consisted of flagging samples that had a total chlorophyll a concentration of zero, had fewer than four reported accessory pigments, or exceeded two standard deviations of the log-linear regression of total chlorophyll a with total accessory pigment concentrations. We anticipate the MAREDAT pigment database to be of use in the marine ecology, remote sensing and ecological modeling communities, where it will support model validation and advance our global perspective on marine biodiversity. The original dataset together with quality control flags as well as the gridded MAREDAT pigment data may be downloaded from PANGAEA:

Citation: Peloquin, J., Swan, C., Gruber, N., Vogt, M., Claustre, H., Ras, J., Uitz, J., Barlow, R., Behrenfeld, M., Bidigare, R., Dierssen, H., Ditullio, G., Fernandez, E., Gallienne, C., Gibb, S., Goericke, R., Harding, L., Head, E., Holligan, P., Hooker, S., Karl, D., Landry, M., Letelier, R., Llewellyn, C. A., Lomas, M., Lucas, M., Mannino, A., Marty, J.-C., Mitchell, B. G., Muller-Karger, F., Nelson, N., O'Brien, C., Prezelin, B., Repeta, D., Jr. Smith, W. O., Smythe-Wright, D., Stumpf, R., Subramaniam, A., Suzuki, K., Trees, C., Vernet, M., Wasmund, N., and Wright, S.: The MAREDAT global database of high performance liquid chromatography marine pigment measurements, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 109-123,, 2013.