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Volume 8, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 213–220, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 213–220, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Review article 01 Jun 2016

Review article | 01 Jun 2016

30 years of upper air soundings on board of R/V POLARSTERN

Amelie Driemel et al.
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Cited articles  
Ciesielski, P. E., Yu, H., Johnson, R. H., Yoneyama, K., Katsumata, M., Long, C. N., Wang, Junhong., Loehrer, Scot, M., Young, Kathryn., Williams, Steven.F., Brown, W., Braun, J., and Van Hove, T.: Quality-controlled upper-air sounding dataset for DYNAMO/CINDY/AMIE: Development and corrections, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 31, 741–764,, 2014.
Dow, G.: Developments in Observational Requirements for Global Numerical Weather Prediction, University of Reading, Department of Meteorology, Reading, 2004.
DuBois, J. L., Multhauf, R. P., and Ziegler, C. A.: The invention and development of the radiosonde: with a catalog of upper-atmospheric telemetering probes in the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian studies in history and technology, 53, 88 pp., 2002.
Fütterer, D. and Fahrbach, E.: POLARSTERN – 25 Jahre Forschung in Arktis und Antarktis, Bielefeld, Delius Klasing, 293 pp., ISBN: 978-3-7688-2433-0, 2007.
Immler, F. and Schrems, O.: Determination of tropical cirrus properties by simultaneous LIDAR and radiosonde measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 2090,, 2002.
Short summary
Since 1982-12-09 the icebreaker POLARSTERN is the flagship of German polar research. It has conducted 30 campaigns to Antarctica, and 29 to the Arctic. It is therefore the perfect basis for radiosonde launches in data-sparse regions (oceans and polar regions). Radiosondes are balloon-borne instruments which record atmospheric temperature, humidity and pressure. The data are used, e.g. for short and medium weather forecasts. In these 30 years, 12 378 radiosonde balloons were started on POLARSTERN.
Since 1982-12-09 the icebreaker POLARSTERN is the flagship of German polar research. It has...