Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 571-603, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
09 Nov 2016
The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series
Johannes Gütschow1, M. Louise Jeffery1, Robert Gieseke1, Ronja Gebel1, David Stevens1, Mario Krapp2, and Marcia Rocha2 1Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Telegraphenberg A 31, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
2Climate Analytics, Friedrichstraße 231, Haus B, 10969 Berlin, Germany
Abstract. To assess the history of greenhouse gas emissions and individual countries' contributions to emissions and climate change, detailed historical data are needed. We combine several published datasets to create a comprehensive set of emissions pathways for each country and Kyoto gas, covering the years 1850 to 2014 with yearly values, for all UNFCCC member states and most non-UNFCCC territories. The sectoral resolution is that of the main IPCC 1996 categories. Additional time series of CO2 are available for energy and industry subsectors. Country-resolved data are combined from different sources and supplemented using year-to-year growth rates from regionally resolved sources and numerical extrapolations to complete the dataset. Regional deforestation emissions are downscaled to country level using estimates of the deforested area obtained from potential vegetation and simulations of agricultural land. In this paper, we discuss the data sources and methods used and present the resulting dataset, including its limitations and uncertainties. The dataset is available from doi:10.5880/PIK.2016.003 and can be viewed on the website accompanying this paper (

Citation: Gütschow, J., Jeffery, M. L., Gieseke, R., Gebel, R., Stevens, D., Krapp, M., and Rocha, M.: The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 571-603,, 2016.
Short summary
This paper provides the methodology for the creation of historical country-resolved time series of greenhouse gas emissions from different datasets which are individually incomplete in terms of years, gases, and/or countries. The combination of datasets is carried out using the PRIMAP model ( The resulting time series can be viewed interactively on It will be used for climate policy analysis, e.g. the historical responsibility for climate change.
This paper provides the methodology for the creation of historical country-resolved time series...